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Event Previous Forecast Actual
Jan, 22 11:00
Bundesbank Monthly Report
Bundesbank Monthly Report
Country:
Date: Jan, 22 11:00
Importance: Low
Previous: -
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: -

Market impact tends to be greater when the report reveals a viewpoint that clashes with the ECB's stance. It contains relevant articles, speeches, statistical tables, and provides detailed analysis of current and future economic conditions from the bank's viewpoint.

- - -
Jan, 22 13:30
★★
Wholesale Sales
Wholesale Sales
Country:
Date: Jan, 22 13:30
Importance: Medium
Previous: 1.5% m/m
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Nov

The value of sales made by Canadian wholesalers. Wholesalers sell to industries and retailers in quantities far larger than most consumers are willing to purchase. Given that growth in Wholesale Trade usually precedes increases in retail trade and consumption, changes in Wholesale Sales can be used as an early indicator for the overall direction of the retail sector, consumption and the economy. The headline figure reports the monthly percentage change in Wholesale Sales, seasonally adjusted to account for variations in demand due to seasonal cycles.

These sectors are farm products, food, beverages, and tobacco products, personal and household goods, automotive products, building materials, machinery and electronic equipment etc.

1.5% m/m - -
Jan, 23 04:30
All Industries Activity
All Industries Activity
Country:
Date: Jan, 23 04:30
Importance: Low
Previous: 0.3% m/m
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Nov

Evaluates the monthly change in overall production by all sectors of the Japanese economy. The index comprises a variety of industries: service, manufacturing, construction and public sectors are included. The index closely follows Japanese GDP and overall growth figures, providing insight into current levels of Japanese economic expansion. The All Industry Activity Index is posted monthly as a percentage change from the previous month's figure.

0.3% m/m - -
Jan, 23 06:30
★★★
BOJ Press Conference
BOJ Press Conference
Country:
Date: Jan, 23 06:30
Importance: High
Previous: -
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: -
It's among the primary methods the BOJ uses to communicate with investors regarding monetary policy. It covers the factors that affected the most recent interest rate decision, the overall economic outlook, inflation, and clues regarding future monetary policy.
- - -
Jan, 23 09:30
★★
Public Sector Net Borrowing
Public Sector Net Borrowing
Country:
Date: Jan, 23 09:30
Importance: Medium
Previous: 8.1bln; 8.7bln
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Dec
In the U.K., the amount of expenditures less the total receipts taken in by the government. Public sector net borrowing is the measure of fiscal surpluses and deficits along with the amount of new debt created. If this number is positive, it means the U.K. is running a fiscal deficit, while a negative number represents a fiscal surplus.
8.1bln; 8.7bln - -
Jan, 23 10:00
★★
ZEW Economic Sentiment
ZEW Economic Sentiment
Country:
Date: Jan, 23 10:00
Importance: Medium
Previous: 17.4
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Jan

A German Firm, the Center for European Economic Research (ZEW), queries financial experts throughout Europe every month in order to make a medium-term forecast about Germany 's economic situation. They ask experts to evaluate the current situation and to predict the future direction of the economy. For all components of the survey, responses are restricted to positive, negative, or unchanged. This simple structure allows the survey to be quick and efficient in terms of turnaround time, as well as easy to understand and interpret.

Experts are asked for a qualitative assessment of the direction of inflation, interest rates, exchange rates and the stock market in the next six months. Thus the indicator provides a medium-term forecast for the German economy.

Technical Note on Headline Number : The results of the survey are always presented as the difference between those experts that optimistic and those are pessimistic. For instance if 25 percent of analysts expect improvement, 35 percent expect decline, and 40 percent expect no change, the headline figure is -10.

17.4 - -
Jan, 23 10:00
★★
ZEW Current Situation
ZEW Current Situation
Country:
Date: Jan, 23 10:00
Importance: Medium
Previous: 89.3
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Jan

A German Firm, the Center for European Economic Research (ZEW), queries financial experts throughout Europe every month in order to make a medium-term forecast about Germany 's economic situation. They ask experts to evaluate the current situation and to predict the future direction of the economy. For all components of the survey, responses are restricted to positive, negative, or unchanged. This simple structure allows the survey to be quick and efficient in terms of turnaround time, as well as easy to understand and interpret.

Unlike the Economic Sentiment Indicator which looks into the future direction of the economy, the Current Situation Indicator focuses on the results of the survey that relate to the current health of the German economy. Expert opinions on whether the current situation is improved, worsened, or unchanged are summarized as the number of positive responses minus the number of negative responses. A higher headline figure indicates a stronger economy and better business climate.

Technical Note on Headline Number : The results of the survey are always presented as the difference between those experts that optimistic and those are pessimistic. For instance if 25 percent of analysts expect improvement, 35 percent expect decline, and 40 percent expect no change, the headline figure is -10.

89.3 - -
Jan, 23 10:00
★★
ZEW Economic Sentiment
ZEW Economic Sentiment
Country:
Date: Jan, 23 10:00
Importance: Medium
Previous: 29.0
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Jan
Survey of about 275 German institutional investors and analysts which asks respondents to rate the relative 6-month economic outlook for the Eurozone. It's a leading indicator of economic health - investors and analysts are highly informed by virtue of their job, and changes in their sentiment can be an early signal of future economic activity. Above 0.0 indicates optimism, below indicates pessimism. The ZEW survey is historically focused on the German economy, and Germany tends to lead the Eurozone economy, so this overall Eurozone outlook tends to be overshadowed by the German data released at the same time.
29.0 - -
Jan, 23 11:00
CBI Industrial Order Expectations
CBI Industrial Order Expectations
Country:
Date: Jan, 23 11:00
Importance: Low
Previous: 17
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Jan

This index characterizes the volume of new orders in the industrial sector. The growth of industrial orders is a sign that the economy expands. Increase in orders leads to higher employment in the industry.
Increase in orders will lead to further growth in manufacturing, and hence lead to growth of the national currency and domestic stock market. In the bond market, this leads to an increase in profitability of government securities. The index is certainly important for the market. Sometimes a strong deviation from the forecast values of the index can cause a strong change of the pound sterling rate. Certainly, the indicator is not able to deploy the prevailing trend.

17 - -
Jan, 23 15:00
Consumer Confidence
Consumer Confidence
Country:
Date: Jan, 23 15:00
Importance: Low
Previous: 0.5
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Jan

Consumer confidence is a measure of popular sentiment concerning the Eurozone economy. The figure is derived from a survey that asks thousands of consumers about personal expenditure patterns and inflationary expectations. In general, rising consumer confidence precedes increased consumer spending, which drives both economic growth and inflation. Even though t he Italian economy is heavily driven by its export sector, domestic consumer confidence is an important gauge of overall economic activity and future inflationary pressures.

A headline figure above 50 shows positive consumer sentiment, while a number below 50 shows negative consumer sentiment; the greater the distance, the stronger the sentiment.

0.5 - -
Jan, 23 15:00
Consumer Confidence
Consumer Confidence
Country:
Date: Jan, 23 15:00
Importance: Low
Previous: 0.5
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Jan

Consumer confidence is a measure of popular sentiment concerning the Eurozone economy. The figure is derived from a survey that asks thousands of consumers about personal expenditure patterns and inflationary expectations. In general, rising consumer confidence precedes increased consumer spending, which drives both economic growth and inflation. Even though t he Italian economy is heavily driven by its export sector, domestic consumer confidence is an important gauge of overall economic activity and future inflationary pressures.

A headline figure above 50 shows positive consumer sentiment, while a number below 50 shows negative consumer sentiment; the greater the distance, the stronger the sentiment.

0.5 - -
Jan, 23 15:00
Richmond Fed Manufacturing Index
Richmond Fed Manufacturing Index
Country:
Date: Jan, 23 15:00
Importance: Low
Previous: 20
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Jan

Assesses regional manufacturing conditions for the Richmond Fed District. Based on mail-in surveys from a representative sample of manufacturing plants, the Richmond Fed Index seeks to track industrial performance. The report puts particular emphasis on inflationary pressures.

Though the Richmond Fed Manufacturing Survey is valued for its quick turnaround, it is still released after the ISM survey. As a result, the figure is often used to affirm or question the ISM report, and has little impact on markets. The Richmond Fed Manufacturing Survey also asks manufacturing executives to stress price expectations. Some markets participants use this data as an early gauge to CPI and PPI reports released a few days later.

The headline figure is a three-month average, calculated by finding the percentage difference between positive and negative responses for the last three months, using a zero boom/bust centerline.

Note: The survey covers such topics as shipments, order volume, backlog volume, capacity utilization, vendor lead time, employees, average workweek, wages, inventory levels, and capital expenditures. The Fifth District includes the District of Columbia , Maryland , both Carolinas, and most of the Virginias.

20 - -
Jan, 23 23:50
Trade Balance
Trade Balance
Country:
Date: Jan, 23 23:50
Importance: Low
Previous: 364.1В; 113.4В
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Dec

The difference between the total value of exports and the total value of imports. A positive figure indicates a trade surplus while a negative value represents a trade deficit. Because Japan 's economy is highly export-led, trade data can give critical insight into developments in Japan 's economy and changes into foreign exchange rates.

A surplus reflects capital flowing into Japan in exchange for Japanese exports, and a deficit means that capital is flowing out of Japan as imports are purchased in larger volumes by Japanese consumers. A trade surplus will act as an appreciating weight on the Yen, whereas a trade deficit will place downward pressure on the Yen's value.

Details in the Trade Balance report itself give useful insight into changing trends regarding Japanese trade. Such developments are especially important for the country, which is an export-oriented economy that has historically experienced large trade surpluses. Any affect on this could have dramatic affect on the domestic economy.

The headline figure for trade balance is expressed in millions of Yen and usually accompanied by a year-on-year percentage change figure.

364.1В; 113.4В - -
Jan, 24 00:30
PMI Manufacturing
PMI Manufacturing
Country:
Date: Jan, 24 00:30
Importance: Low
Previous: 54.0
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Jan

A monthly gauge of manufacturing activity and future outlook. The CIPS PMI is comparable to the US ISM survey, similarly based on the opinions of executives in manufacturing companies. Purchasing managers are tasked with gauging future demand, and adjusting orders for materials accordingly. The PMI summarizes the opinions of these executives to give a picture of the future of the manufacturing sector. A higher PMI indicates that materials purchases are increasing and that the economic outlook is positive. Alternately, a lower PMI means orders for materials are down and the future outlook is less favorable. By nature, the figure is very sensitive to the business cycle and tends to match growth or decline in the economy as a whole.

The PMI is presented as an index with a value between 1-100.

54.0 - -
Jan, 24 02:00
Credit Card Spending
Credit Card Spending
Country:
Date: Jan, 24 02:00
Importance: Low
Previous: 0.8% m/m; 9.1% y/y
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Dec

Shows a change in the total expenditure made via credit cards.

0.8% m/m; 9.1% y/y - -
Jan, 24 08:00
★★
Flash Composite PMI
Flash Composite PMI
Country:
Date: Jan, 24 08:00
Importance: Medium
Previous: 59.6
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Jan
An index level of 50 denotes no change since the previous month, while a level above 50 signals an increase or improvement, and below 50 indicates a decrease or deterioration.
59.6 - -
Jan, 24 08:00
★★
Flash Services PMI
Flash Services PMI
Country:
Date: Jan, 24 08:00
Importance: Medium
Previous: 59.1
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Jan

Gauge for the overall performance of the country's service sector. The Services PMI interviews executives on the status of sales, employment, and their outlook. Because the performance of the country's service sector is extremely consistent over time, services does not impact final GDP figures as much as the more volatile figure on the manufacturing sector. For this reason Services PMI usually causes little market movement. The survey results are quantified and presented as an index on a 1-100 scale. The headline figure is the percentage change in the index.

59.1 - -
Jan, 24 08:00
★★
Flash Manufacturing PMI
Flash Manufacturing PMI
Country:
Date: Jan, 24 08:00
Importance: Medium
Previous: 58.8
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Jan

A monthly gauge of manufacturing activity and future outlook. The PMI is based on the opinions of executives in manufacturing companies. Purchasing managers are tasked with gauging future demand and adjusting orders for materials accordingly. The PMI summarizes the opinions of these executives to give a picture of the future of the manufacturing sector. A higher PMI indicates that materials purchases are increasing and that the economic outlook is positive. Alternately, a lower PMI means orders for materials are down and the future outlook is less favorable. By nature, the figure is very sensitive to the business cycle and tends to match growth or decline in the economy as a whole.

The PMI is presented as an index with a value between 1-100.

58.8 - -
Jan, 24 08:30
★★
Flash Composite PMI
Flash Composite PMI
Country:
Date: Jan, 24 08:30
Importance: Medium
Previous: 58.9
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Jan
An index level of 50 denotes no change since the previous month, while a level above 50 signals an increase or improvement, and below 50 indicates a decrease or deterioration.
58.9 - -
Jan, 24 08:30
★★
Flash Services PMI
Flash Services PMI
Country:
Date: Jan, 24 08:30
Importance: Medium
Previous: 55.8
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Jan

Gauge for the overall performance of the German service sector. The Services PMI interviews German executives on the status of sales, employment, and their outlook. Because the performance of the German service sector is extremely consistent over time, services does not impact final GDP figures as much as the more volatile figure on the manufacturing sector. For this reason Services PMI usually causes little market movement. The survey results are quantified and presented as an index on a 1-100 scale. The headline figure is the percentage change in the index.
The survey results are quantified into index where 0 represents long-term manufacturing business conditions. The headline figure is expressed in percentage change.

55.8 - -
Jan, 24 08:30
★★
Flash Manufacturing PMI
Flash Manufacturing PMI
Country:
Date: Jan, 24 08:30
Importance: Medium
Previous: 63.3
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Jan

Gauge for overall performance of the German manufacturing sector. Through asking executives about sales and employment outlook, the survey strives to provide useful information about the business climate that can lead to developments in employment, output and consumption. The PMI survey is based on the result of interviews with business executives. Manufacturing is an important sector in Germany, which is why changes in Manufacturing PMI serve as a good indicator for the overall economic situation in Germany as well as Eurozone. However, despite the timeliness of the report, Manufacturing PMI is not a big market mover.
The survey results are quantified into index where 0 represents long-term manufacturing business conditions. The headline figure is expressed in percentage change.

63.3 - -
Jan, 24 09:00
★★
Flash Composite PMI
Flash Composite PMI
Country:
Date: Jan, 24 09:00
Importance: Medium
Previous: 58.1
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Jan

The Eurozone Composite Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) assesses business conditions in manufacturing, construction and service sectors. The Eurozone PMI is both a significant and timely indicator of business conditions and the general health of the economy. Close correlation with the business cycle, assessed on the basis of long-term statistical data, allows to use the PMI indicator for prognosis of future GDP volumes. The PMI indices are based on  selected panels of executives in companies who report each month on real events. The subindex of intangibles sector - PMI services - is of more importance because in industrialized countries around 70% of GDP is generated in non-manufacturing sector.

58.1 - -
Jan, 24 09:00
★★
Flash Services PMI
Flash Services PMI
Country:
Date: Jan, 24 09:00
Importance: Medium
Previous: 56.6
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Jan

The Eurozone Services Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) assesses business conditions in the services sector. The figure is based on monthly surveys of executives in Germany, France, Ireland, Italy and Spain. Combined, these countries account for roughly four fifths of total service sector activity in the Eurozone. Since services account for two thirds of total Eurozone GDP, the Services PMI is a significant and timely indicator for the health of the economy. Higher Service PMI levels suggest upward future trends in output and performance of the industry.

The headline figure is reported as an index where 50 reflects the centerline of boom-bust sentiment. A larger divergence from 50 indicates a larger rate of change in business conditions.

56.6 - -
Jan, 24 09:00
★★
Flash Manufacturing PMI
Flash Manufacturing PMI
Country:
Date: Jan, 24 09:00
Importance: Medium
Previous: 60.6
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Jan
It's a leading indicator of economic health - businesses react quickly to market conditions, and their purchasing managers hold perhaps the most current and relevant insight into the company's view of the economy. Survey of about 3000 purchasing managers which asks respondents to rate the relative level of business conditions including employment, production, new orders, prices, supplier deliveries, and inventories. Above 50.0 indicates industry expansion, below indicates contraction. There are 2 versions of this report released about a week apart – Flash and Final. The Flash release, which the source first reported in Jun 2007, is the earliest and thus tends to have the most impact.
60.6 - -
Jan, 24 09:30
★★
Average Earnings Index
Average Earnings Index
Country:
Date: Jan, 24 09:30
Importance: Medium
Previous: 2.5% 3m/y; 2.3% 3m/y
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Nov
It's a leading indicator of consumer inflation - when businesses pay more for labor the higher costs are usually passed on to the consumer. Data represents the 3-month moving average compared to the same period a year earlier. A figure that excludes bonuses is also released, but not included for lack of significance. Source changed series calculation formula as of Jan 2010
2.5% 3m/y; 2.3% 3m/y - -
Jan, 24 09:30
★★
Unemployment Rate
Unemployment Rate
Country:
Date: Jan, 24 09:30
Importance: Medium
Previous: 4.3%
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Nov

The percentage of individuals in the labor force who are without a job but actively seeking one. A higher Unemployment Rate is generally a drain on the economy. Not only does it mean that resources are not being fully utilized, but it also results in lower consumer spending as there are fewer workers receiving paychecks.

Note: The unemployment rate generally moves slowly, so changes of only a few tenths of a percent are still considered significant. Also note that the unemployment rate does not account for discouraged workers. Therefore, in an economically depressed environment, such as that which occurred in Cold War era East Germany, the Unemployment Rate may not accurately reflect the extent of problems.

4.3% - -
Jan, 24 09:30
★★★
Claimant Count Change
Claimant Count Change
Country:
Date: Jan, 24 09:30
Importance: High
Previous: 5.9K
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Dec

The UK claimant count provides data on those individuals who are out of work and who are claiming some sort of unemployment benefit.

5.9K - -
Jan, 24 14:45
Flash Composite PMI
Flash Composite PMI
Country:
Date: Jan, 24 14:45
Importance: Low
Previous: 54.1
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Jan
An index level of 50 denotes no change since the previous month, while a level above 50 signals an increase or improvement, and below 50 indicates a decrease or deterioration.
54.1 - -
Jan, 24 14:45
Flash Services PMI
Flash Services PMI
Country:
Date: Jan, 24 14:45
Importance: Low
Previous: 53.7
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Jan
The Service PMI release is published monthly by Markit Economics. The data are based on surveys of over 400 executives in private sector service companies. The surveys cover transport and communication, financial intermediaries, business and personal services, computing & IT, hotels and restaurants. An index level of 50 denotes no change since the previous month, while a level above 50 signals an improvement, and below 50 indicates a deterioration. A reading that is stronger than forecast is generally supportive (bullish) for the USD, while a weaker than forecast reading is generally negative (bearish) for the USD.
53.7 - -
Jan, 24 14:45
★★
Flash Manufacturing PMI
Flash Manufacturing PMI
Country:
Date: Jan, 24 14:45
Importance: Medium
Previous: 55.1
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Jan
It's a leading indicator of economic health - businesses react quickly to market conditions, and their purchasing managers hold perhaps the most current and relevant insight into the company's view of the economy. Survey of about 600 purchasing managers which asks respondents to rate the relative level of business conditions including employment, production, new orders, prices, supplier deliveries, and inventories. Above 50.0 indicates industry expansion, below indicates contraction. There are 2 versions of this report released about a week apart – Flash and Final. The Flash release, which the source first reported in May 2012, is the earliest and thus tends to have the most impact.
55.1 - -
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