Date
GMT+09:00
Event Value
Jan, 21 09:30
★★★
Unemployment Rate
Unemployment Rate
Country:
Date: Jan, 21 09:30
Importance: High
Previous: 6.8%
Forecast: 6.7%
Actual: -
Period: Dec

The percentage of individuals in the labor force who are without a job but actively seeking one. A higher Unemployment Rate is generally a drain on the economy. Not only does it mean that resources are not being fully utilized, but it also results in lower consumer spending as there are fewer workers receiving paychecks.

Note: The unemployment rate generally moves slowly, so changes of only a few tenths of a percent are still considered significant. Also note that the unemployment rate does not account for discouraged workers. Therefore, in an economically depressed environment, such as that which occurred in Cold War era East Germany, the Unemployment Rate may not accurately reflect the extent of problems.

6.8%
Jan, 21 09:30
★★★
Employment Change
Employment Change
Country:
Date: Jan, 21 09:30
Importance: High
Previous: 90.0K
Forecast: 50.0K
Actual: -
Period: Dec

Tracks the number of the employed in Australia . The figure appears in the monthly Labour Force Survey conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. A surge in new employment suggests higher spending potential and budding inflation pressures, which the RBA often counters with rate increases.

The headline figure is the annualized percentage change in employed workers.

90.0K
Jan, 21 15:30
★★★
Bank of Japan Press Conference
Bank of Japan Press Conference
Country:
Date: Jan, 21 15:30
Importance: High
Previous: -
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: -

Press conference of the BoJ.

Jan, 21 21:45
★★★
ECB Interest Rate Announcement
ECB Interest Rate Announcement
Country:
Date: Jan, 21 21:45
Importance: High
Previous: 0.00%
Forecast: 0.00%
Actual: -
Period: Jan

The European Central Bank's decision to increase, decrease, or maintain interest rates. Controlling interest rates is the key mechanism of monetary policy, and the ECB influences interest rates by first changing the "overnight rate" through the purchase or sale of government bonds. Lowering rates can spur economic growth but may incite inflationary pressures. On the other hand, increasing rates slow inflation but can stymie growth.

The European Central Bank makes a concerted effort to be transparent in its policy. Frequent speeches by Bank Governors make policy goals clear and the Bank adheres to a stated inflation target of 2% changing rates accordingly to meet that goal. Because of this, rate decisions are generally well anticipated, but very important nonetheless.

The ECB's rate decision has an enormous influence on financial markets. Because the ECB interest rate is essentially the return investors receive while holding Euros, changes in rates affect the exchange rate of the Euro.

Because rate changes are usually well anticipated, the actual decision does not tend to impact the market. But if the ECB changes rates they will hold a press conference where some rationale for the decision is offered. Market participants pay close attention to the press conference, hoping to clue in on the likelihood of further rate changes. Often, the language used in the press conference holds important signals to how ECB feels about inflation and the economy. The ECB President's language will be "hawkish" if he is pessimistic about the inflation outlook for the economy. In that case, the market sees a higher chance of future rate hike. Conversely, if the ECB President believes inflation is in check, his remarks will be "dovish," and the market perceives a future rate increase to be unlikely.

0.00%
Jan, 21 21:45
★★★
Monetary Policy Report
Monetary Policy Report
Country:
Date: Jan, 21 21:45
Importance: High
Previous: -
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: -
Jan, 21 22:30
★★★
ECB Press Conference
ECB Press Conference
Country:
Date: Jan, 21 22:30
Importance: High
Previous: -
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: -

The European Central Bank press conference following interest rate announcement.

Jan, 22 06:45
★★★
Consumer Price Index
Consumer Price Index
Country:
Date: Jan, 22 06:45
Importance: High
Previous: 0.7% q/q; 1.4% y/y
Forecast: 0.2% q/q
Actual: -
Period: 4 quarter

The headline inflation gauge for New Zealand.

0.7% q/q; 1.4% y/y
Jan, 22 08:30
★★★
National CPI
National CPI
Country:
Date: Jan, 22 08:30
Importance: High
Previous: -0.9%
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Dec

National Consumer Price Index (CPI) is the key gauge for inflation in Japan. Simply put, inflation reflects a decline in the purchasing power of the Yen, where each Yen buys fewer goods and services. In terms of measuring inflation, CPI is the most obvious way to quantify changes in purchasing power. The report tracks changes in the price of a basket of goods and services that a typical Japanese household might purchase. An increase in the index indicates that it takes more Yen to purchase this same set of basic consumer items.

Markets will typically pay more attention to "CPI excluding Fresh Food," because it excludes volatile food prices that can distort overall CPI. The headline figure for CPI is the percentage change in the index on a month to month or year to year basis.

As the most important indicator of inflation, CPI figures are closely followed by the Bank of Japan. Rising Consumer Prices may prompt the BoJ to raise interest rates in order to manage inflation and slow economic growth. Higher interest rates make holding the Yen more attractive to foreign investors, and this higher level of demand will place upward pressure on the value of the Yen.

-0.9%
Jan, 27 00:00
★★★
Consumer Confidence
Consumer Confidence
Country:
Date: Jan, 27 00:00
Importance: High
Previous: 88.6
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Jan

Assessment of consumer sentiment regarding business conditions, employment and personal income. Based on a representative sample of thousands of mail-in surveys, the Conference Board index has the largest pooling sample of any US measure of consumer confidence. Consumer Confidence levels are generally linked with consumer spending. For instance, when consumer confidence is on the rise consumer spending tends to increase. Low or falling consumer confidence on the other hand is typically associated with decreased spending and consumer demand.

Some analysts criticize the Consumer Confidence figure for its volatile tendencies and weak connection to household expenditure, turning instead to the University of Michigan Consumer Confidence numbers. The volatility of the Consumer Confidence figure is attributed to two factors: its pooling size and the survey time frame focus. The Conference Board surveys an entirely new group of people each month, resulting in more erratic month to month figures. Additionally, the survey queries respondents on expectations for the following six months, a relatively short term evaluation. Conversely, the University of Michigan survey will re-poll many individuals and focuses on expectations for the next one to five years. The long term focus has a stabilizing effect on consumer confidence.

Survey results are printed in the headlines where 100 reflects a recent base year.

88.6
Jan, 27 09:30
★★★
Consumer Price Index
Consumer Price Index
Country:
Date: Jan, 27 09:30
Importance: High
Previous: 1.6% q/q; 0.7% y/y
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: 4 quarter

The headline inflation gauge for Australia. Simply put, inflation reflects a decline in the purchasing power of the Aussie Dollar, where each Dollar buys fewer goods and services. In terms of measuring inflation, CPI is the most obvious way to quantify changes in purchasing power. The report tracks changes in the price of a basket of goods and services that is typically bought by a metropolitan Australian households. An increase in the index indicates that it takes more Australian Dollars to purchase this same set of basic consumer items.

Unlike most other countries, Australia publishes CPI quarterly instead of monthly, increasing the market impact of the report upon release. The headline number is released as the percentage change from the previous quarter or year.

1.6% q/q; 0.7% y/y
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