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Event Previous Forecast Actual
Dec, 07 00:30
ANZ Jobs Advertisements
ANZ Jobs Advertisements
Country:
Date: Dec, 07 00:30
Importance: Low
Previous: 9.4%
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Nov

The ANZ job advertisement series measures the number of jobs advertised in the major daily newspapers and Internet sites covering the capital cities each month.

9.4% - -
Dec, 07 05:00
Leading Indicators
Leading Indicators
Country:
Date: Dec, 07 05:00
Importance: Low
Previous: 92.5
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Oct
This index is designed to predict the direction of the economy, but it tends to have a muted impact because most of the indicators used in the calculation are released previously. There's a revised version of this indicator released about 10 days later, but it's not included for lack of significance. Source changed series from a diffusion index to a composite index as of Jun 2008. Combined reading of 11 economic indicators related to employment, production, new orders, consumer confidence, housing, stock prices, money supply, and interest rate spreads.
92.5 - -
Dec, 07 07:00
Industrial Production
Industrial Production
Country:
Date: Dec, 07 07:00
Importance: Low
Previous: 1.6% m/m; -7.3% y/y
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Oct

Measures the per volume change in output from mining, quarrying, manufacturing, energy and construction sectors in Germany. Industrial production is significant as a short-term indicator of the strength of German industrial activity. High or rising Industrial Production figures suggest increased production and economic expansion, healthy for the Euro. However, uncontrolled levels of production and consumption can spark inflation.

The report is only a preliminary estimate figure that does not move the markets much. The figure is released in headlines as a monthly percent change.

1.6% m/m; -7.3% y/y - -
Dec, 07 08:00
Foreign Currency Reserves
Foreign Currency Reserves
Country:
Date: Dec, 07 08:00
Importance: Low
Previous: 871.5bln
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Nov

This is the amount of foreign currency reserves that are held by the Central Bank of a country. In general use, foreign currency reserves also include gold and IMF reserves. Also, people may take into account liquid assets that can easily be converted into foreign currency.

871.5bln - -
Dec, 07 08:30
Halifax House Price Index
Halifax House Price Index
Country:
Date: Dec, 07 08:30
Importance: Low
Previous: 0.3% m/m; 7.5% y/y
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Nov

A resumptive index of house prices reflecting prices for new constructions and resale real estate markets. As all indices connected with the construction industry it can be seasonally adjusted. The Halifax House Price Index is the UK's longest running monthly house price series with data covering the whole country going back to January 1983.

0.3% m/m; 7.5% y/y - -
Dec, 07 09:30
Sentix Investor Confidence
Sentix Investor Confidence
Country:
Date: Dec, 07 09:30
Importance: Low
Previous: -10.0
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Dec

Level of a diffusion index based on surveyed investors and analysts. Above 0.0 indicates optimism, below indicates pessimism. This is a survey of about 2,800 investors and analysts which asks respondents to rate the relative 6-month economic outlook for the Eurozone.
 

-10.0 - -
Dec, 07 15:00
★★
Ivey Purchasing Managers Index
Ivey Purchasing Managers Index
Country:
Date: Dec, 07 15:00
Importance: Medium
Previous: 54.5; 55.9
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Nov

The Ivey Purchasing Managers Index (PMI) is an economic index which measures the month to month variation in economic activity as indicated by a panel of purchasing managers from across Canada, and is prepared by the Richard Ivey School of Business. The PMI is provided in two formats: unadjusted and seasonally adjusted. It shows responses to one question: ""Were your purchases last month in dollars higher, the same, or lower than the previous month?"" A figure above 50 shows an increase while below 50 shows a decrease. The Ivey Purchasing Managers Index is often referred to as the Purchasing Managers Index, or PMI and is sponsored by the Richard Ivey School of Business and the Purchasing Management Association of Canada (PMAC). The PMI includes both the public and private sectors and is based on month end data Ivey PMI panel members indicate whether their organizations activity is higher than, the same as, or lower than the previous month across the following five categories: purchases, employment, inventories, supplier deliveries and prices.

54.5; 55.9 - -
Dec, 07 20:00
Consumer Credit
Consumer Credit
Country:
Date: Dec, 07 20:00
Importance: Low
Previous: 16.2bln
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Oct

Measures the outstanding debt held by consumers. Consumer Credit levels coincide with the economy, rising during economic expansion and dropping during a recession. Growth in Consumer Credit means that consumers have higher spending ability, which can fuel economic growth. However, too much Consumer Debt can result in an economic slowdown in the long term if consumers become overburdened with debt, then either reducing consumption or passing debt on to the financers after bankruptcy. The headline value is the outstanding debt held by consumers.

16.2bln - -
Dec, 07 23:30
Average Cash Earnings
Average Cash Earnings
Country:
Date: Dec, 07 23:30
Importance: Low
Previous: -0.9%
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Oct

The average amount of pre-tax earnings per regular employee, including overtime pay and bonuses.

-0.9% - -
Dec, 07 23:30
Household Spending
Household Spending
Country:
Date: Dec, 07 23:30
Importance: Low
Previous: -10.2%
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Oct

A survey of both wage-earning and non-working households, such as those classified as single-member, unemployed, or retired. The headline figure is the percentage change in average spending per household from the previous year. Increases in household spending are favorable for the Japanese economy because high consumer spending generally leads to higher levels of economic growth. Higher spending is also a sign of consumer optimism, as households confident in their future outlook will spend more. At the same time accelerated growth exerts inflationary pressure, which can lead to interest rate increases in the future.

-10.2% - -
Dec, 07 23:50
Bank Lending
Bank Lending
Country:
Date: Dec, 07 23:50
Importance: Low
Previous: 6.2% y/y; 5.9% y/y
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Nov

The value of all outstanding loans with Japanese banks. Bank lending is important because lending increases with increased business confidence and investment. It is particularly insightful for the Japanese economy because of the weakness that has plagued the Japanese banking sector. The headline number is for total loans and discounts and is a percentage change from the previous year.

6.2% y/y; 5.9% y/y - -
Dec, 07 23:50
Current Account
Current Account
Country:
Date: Dec, 07 23:50
Importance: Low
Previous: 1345.5bln; 1660.2bln
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Oct
1345.5bln; 1660.2bln - -
Dec, 07 23:50
★★
Gross Domestic Product
Gross Domestic Product
Country:
Date: Dec, 07 23:50
Importance: Medium
Previous: 5.0% q/q; 21.4% q/q
Forecast: 5.0% q/q; 21.4% q/q
Actual: -
Period: 3 quarter

A comprehensive measure of Japan's overall production and consumption of goods and services. GDP is a significant report in FX Market, serving as one of the primary indicators of a country\\\'s overall economic health.

Robust GDP growth signals a heightened level of economic activity and often a higher demand for the domestic currency. At the same time, economic expansion raises concerns about inflationary pressures which may prompt monetary authorities to increase interest rates. Thus positive GDP readings are generally bullish for the Yen, while negative readings are generally bearish.

Most production reports that lead to Japanese GDP are released before the official GDP number. Therefore, actual GDP figures usually confirm expectations. However, an unexpected release can move markets due to the significance of the figure.

Technically, Gross Domestic Product is calculated in the following way:

GDP = C + I + G + (EX - IM)

where
C = private consumption
I = private investment
G = government expenditure
EX = exports of goods and services
IM = imports of goods and services

The headline figures for GDP are the percentage growth rate from the previous quarter and the annualized percentage change in GDP. Prices used are benchmarked to 1997 prices.

5.0% q/q; 21.4% q/q 5.0% q/q; 21.4% q/q -
Dec, 07 23:50
GDP Deflator
GDP Deflator
Country:
Date: Dec, 07 23:50
Importance: Low
Previous: 1.1%
Forecast: 1.1%
Actual: -
Period: 3 quarter

Broad gauge of inflationary pressures. The GDP Deflator is different from the Consumer Price Index in that it does not take into account changes in the prices of imports and tends to underestimate price changes. The Gross Domestic Product Deflator is also untimely, released quarterly about two months after the reporting period. Nonetheless, it is highly correlated with the CPI and a key indicator of inflation. Consequently, the deflator provides insight into the future direction of monetary policy as the Bank of Japan is inclined to raise interest rates when faced with higher inflation.

Specifically the deflator measures the magnitude of changes in prices for all domestically produced final goods. It is the ratio of output in current prices (nominal GDP) to inflation-adjusted output (real GDP). The headline value is the percentage change in the GDP Deflator from the previous quarter.

1.1% 1.1% -
Dec, 08 00:01
BRC Retail Sales Monitor
BRC Retail Sales Monitor
Country:
Date: Dec, 08 00:01
Importance: Low
Previous: 5.2%
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Nov

The BRC  Retail Sales Monitor is an accurate monthly measure of retail sales performance that acts as both a benchmark for participating retailers and as a key economic indicator.

The RSM measures changes in the actual value of retail sales based on figures supplied directly by participating members. Originally set up at the request of BRC members to benchmark their own business performance against the wider sector, the BRC  Retail Sales Monitor is an authoritative measure on the health of the UK retail sector and the wider economy.

5.2% - -
Dec, 08 00:30
NAB Business Confidence
NAB Business Confidence
Country:
Date: Dec, 08 00:30
Importance: Low
Previous: 5
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Nov

A survey of the current state of the business sector in Australia . Based on a survey of hundreds of small and large sized companies, the National Australia Bank delivers monthly comprehensive quarterly reports.

This comprehensive survey primarily provides insight into the state of the Australian economy and puts forth leading indicators that signal its future direction. Thus the survey's findings, if unexpected, have the power to move markets directly.

The National Australia Bank releases both a monthly and quarterly report. The quarterly report is more comprehensive, surveying around 1000 small to large non-farm firms. The quarterly report provides greater detail on the data as well as a short to mid-term outlook of Australia . Because of seasonal volatility and government protections the survey only excludes the farm sector.

5 - -
Dec, 08 05:00
Economy Watchers Survey
Economy Watchers Survey
Country:
Date: Dec, 08 05:00
Importance: Low
Previous: 54.5; 49.1
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Nov

The Economy Watchers Survey asks business-cycle sensitive workers their thoughts on existing and future economic conditions, giving a detailed picture of economic trends in Japan . The survey is based on questionnaires from 'man on the street' sectors that are particularly vulnerable to business cycle turns. These segments of the economy include sectors such as retail, restaurant service and taxi driving. With this combined data the Japanese Eco Watchers report serves as both a consumer confidence indicator and a leading indicator for the rest of the economy. The report is usually released less than two weeks after the reporting month, thus its statistics are usually very timely. The headline number is released where 50 represents the center midpoint line of boom/bust sentiment.

54.5; 49.1 - -
Dec, 08 06:45
Unemployment Rate
Unemployment Rate
Country:
Date: Dec, 08 06:45
Importance: Low
Previous: 3.3%; 3.2%
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Nov

The percentage of individuals in the labor force who are without a job but actively seeking one. A higher Unemployment Rate is generally a drain on the economy. Not only does it mean that resources are not being fully utilized, but it also results in lower consumer spending as there are fewer workers receiving paychecks.

Note: The unemployment rate generally moves slowly, so changes of only a few tenths of a percent are still considered significant. Also note that the unemployment rate does not account for discouraged workers. Therefore, in an economically depressed environment, such as that which occurred in Cold War era East Germany, the Unemployment Rate may not accurately reflect the extent of problems.

High unemployment translates into lower average wages and reduced consumer spending. As consumer spending is the majority of total expenditure, rising unemployment often leads to slow economic growth. In addition, high or rising unemployment puts downward pressure on interest rates and leads to a depreciating Franc.

3.3%; 3.2% - -
Dec, 08 10:00
★★
ZEW Economic Sentiment
ZEW Economic Sentiment
Country:
Date: Dec, 08 10:00
Importance: Medium
Previous: 39.0
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Dec

A German Firm, the Center for European Economic Research (ZEW), queries financial experts throughout Europe every month in order to make a medium-term forecast about Germany 's economic situation. They ask experts to evaluate the current situation and to predict the future direction of the economy. For all components of the survey, responses are restricted to positive, negative, or unchanged. This simple structure allows the survey to be quick and efficient in terms of turnaround time, as well as easy to understand and interpret.

Experts are asked for a qualitative assessment of the direction of inflation, interest rates, exchange rates and the stock market in the next six months. Thus the indicator provides a medium-term forecast for the German economy.

Technical Note on Headline Number : The results of the survey are always presented as the difference between those experts that optimistic and those are pessimistic. For instance if 25 percent of analysts expect improvement, 35 percent expect decline, and 40 percent expect no change, the headline figure is -10.

39.0 - -
Dec, 08 10:00
★★
ZEW Current Situation
ZEW Current Situation
Country:
Date: Dec, 08 10:00
Importance: Medium
Previous: -64.3
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Dec

A German Firm, the Center for European Economic Research (ZEW), queries financial experts throughout Europe every month in order to make a medium-term forecast about Germany 's economic situation. They ask experts to evaluate the current situation and to predict the future direction of the economy. For all components of the survey, responses are restricted to positive, negative, or unchanged. This simple structure allows the survey to be quick and efficient in terms of turnaround time, as well as easy to understand and interpret.

Unlike the Economic Sentiment Indicator which looks into the future direction of the economy, the Current Situation Indicator focuses on the results of the survey that relate to the current health of the German economy. Expert opinions on whether the current situation is improved, worsened, or unchanged are summarized as the number of positive responses minus the number of negative responses. A higher headline figure indicates a stronger economy and better business climate.

Technical Note on Headline Number : The results of the survey are always presented as the difference between those experts that optimistic and those are pessimistic. For instance if 25 percent of analysts expect improvement, 35 percent expect decline, and 40 percent expect no change, the headline figure is -10.

-64.3 - -
Dec, 08 10:00
★★
ZEW Survey (Econ. Sentiment)
ZEW Survey (Econ. Sentiment)
Country:
Date: Dec, 08 10:00
Importance: Medium
Previous: 32.8
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Dec

The Center for European Economic Research (ZEW), queries financial experts throughout Europe every month in order to make a medium-term forecast about the economic situation. Eurozone ZEW Indicator of Economic Sentiment Assesses future economic expectations for the whole Eurozone. The results are summarized as the number of positive responses minus the number of negative responses. A higher headline figure indicates a positive expectation for Euro-zone economy.

Technical Note on Headline Number : The results of the survey are always presented as the difference between those experts that optimistic and those are pessimistic. For instance if 25 percent of analysts expect improvement, 35 percent expect decline, and 40 percent expect no change, the headline figure is -10.

32.8 - -
Dec, 08 10:00
GDP revised
GDP revised
Country:
Date: Dec, 08 10:00
Importance: Low
Previous: 12.6% q/q; -4.4% y/y
Forecast: 12.6% q/q; -4.4% y/y
Actual: -
Period: 3 quarter

An indicator for broad overall growth in the Eurozone. Robust GDP growth signals a heightened level of economic activity, and therefore a high demand for currency. Economic expansion also raises concerns about inflationary pressure, which generally prompts monetary authorities to increase interest rates. This means that positive GDP readings are generally bullish for a given currency, while negative readings are bearish.

Due to the untimeliness of this report and because data on GDP components are available beforehand, the actual GDP figure is usually well anticipated. But given its overall significance GDP has the tendency to move the market upon release, acting to confirm or upset economic expectations. Robust GDP growth signals a heightened level of activity that is generally associated with a healthy economy. However economic expansion also raises concerns about inflationary pressures which may lead to monetary policy tightening.

The headline figure for GDP is an annualized percentage growth rate.

Technically, Gross Domestic Product is calculated in the following way:

GDP = C + I + G + (EX - IM)
where
C = private consumption
I = private investment
G = government expenditure
EX = exports of goods and services
IM = imports of goods and services

Technical note : GDP is the total market value of goods and services produced in the Eurozone within a given period after deducting the cost of goods and services used up in the process of production. Therefore, GDP excludes intermediate goods and services and considers final aggregates only.

12.6% q/q; -4.4% y/y 12.6% q/q; -4.4% y/y -
Dec, 08 10:00
Employment Change
Employment Change
Country:
Date: Dec, 08 10:00
Importance: Low
Previous: 0.9% q/q; -2.0% y/y
Forecast: 0.9% q/q; -2.0% y/y
Actual: -
Period: 3 quarter

Tracks the number of the employed in the country. A surge in new employment suggests higher spending potential and budding inflation pressures.

0.9% q/q; -2.0% y/y 0.9% q/q; -2.0% y/y -
Dec, 08 10:30
30-y Bond Auction
30-y Bond Auction
Country:
Date: Dec, 08 10:30
Importance: Low
Previous: 0.920%; 2.27
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Dec
Yields are set by bond market investors, and therefore they can be used to decipher investors' outlook on future interest rates. The bid-to-cover ratio represents bond market liquidity and demand, which can be used to gauge investor confidence.
0.920%; 2.27 - -
Dec, 08 11:00
NFIB Small Business Index
NFIB Small Business Index
Country:
Date: Dec, 08 11:00
Importance: Low
Previous: 104.0
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Nov
Survey of small businesses which asks respondents to rate the relative level of economic conditions including labor markets, inventories and sales, capital spending, inflation, earnings and wages, and credit markets.
104.0 - -
Dec, 08 13:30
Non-Farm Productivity
Non-Farm Productivity
Country:
Date: Dec, 08 13:30
Importance: Low
Previous: 4.9%
Forecast: 4.9%
Actual: -
Period: 3 quarter

Measures the output produced for each hour of labor worked. Non-farm Productivity is considered the most accurate gauge of overall business health, given farming data's small and volatile contribution to GDP. To businesses, higher productivity indicates efficient use of employees and capital. Given that labor costs make up more than two-thirds of the average businesses expenses, high productivity can allow a firm to fulfill consumer demand with less labor costs, boosting profitability. Thus trends in this report can precede investment spending and business growth. Also if prices for raw materials increase, improved productivity can save a firm from passing higher costs to the end consumer. Given such business effects, healthy productivity growth bodes well for the economy as a whole, signalling increased production capability and business growth.

Productivity is reported as output per hour per worker, categorized into industry figures.

On a Technical Note: The Non-Farm Productivity number is generated by comparing the number of hours worked (Employment Situation report) to Gross Domestic Product data.

4.9% 4.9% -
Dec, 08 13:30
Labor Cost
Labor Cost
Country:
Date: Dec, 08 13:30
Importance: Low
Previous: -8.9%
Forecast: -8.9%
Actual: -
Period: 3 quarter

The indicator reflects the quarterly changes in salaries and other income received by working population.

-8.9% -8.9% -
Dec, 08 21:45
Manufacturing Sales
Manufacturing Sales
Country:
Date: Dec, 08 21:45
Importance: Low
Previous: -11.9%
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: 3 quarter
Change in the total value of sales at the manufacturing level. Released quarterly, about 70 days after the quarter ends.
-11.9% - -
Dec, 08 23:30
Westpac Consumer Sentiment
Westpac Consumer Sentiment
Country:
Date: Dec, 08 23:30
Importance: Low
Previous: 107.7; 2.5%
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Dec

Consumer Sentiment (or Consumer Confidence) measures the level of confidence households have in economic performance. Generally rising consumer confidence acts as a precursor to higher consumer expenditures which drive economic expansion.

107.7; 2.5% - -
Dec, 09 00:01
RICS House Price Balance
RICS House Price Balance
Country:
Date: Dec, 09 00:01
Importance: Low
Previous: 68%
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Nov

Gauge for costs of homes in the United Kingdom. The figure is based on surveyors' opinions on the state of the market, calculated as is the percent of surveyors reporting a rise in prices minus those reporting a fall. A rise in house prices indicates a strong housing market, which generally reflects a strong overall economy.

68% - -
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