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Event Previous Forecast Actual
Aug, 21 11:00
Bundesbank Monthly Report
Bundesbank Monthly Report
Country:
Date: Aug, 21 11:00
Importance: Low
Previous: -
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Aug

Market impact tends to be greater when the report reveals a viewpoint that clashes with the ECB's stance. It contains relevant articles, speeches, statistical tables, and provides detailed analysis of current and future economic conditions from the bank's viewpoint.

- - -
Aug, 21 13:30
★★
Wholesale Sales
Wholesale Sales
Country:
Date: Aug, 21 13:30
Importance: Medium
Previous: 0.9% m/m
Forecast: 0.6% m/m
Actual: -
Period: Jun

The value of sales made by Canadian wholesalers. Wholesalers sell to industries and retailers in quantities far larger than most consumers are willing to purchase. Given that growth in Wholesale Trade usually precedes increases in retail trade and consumption, changes in Wholesale Sales can be used as an early indicator for the overall direction of the retail sector, consumption and the economy. The headline figure reports the monthly percentage change in Wholesale Sales, seasonally adjusted to account for variations in demand due to seasonal cycles.

These sectors are farm products, food, beverages, and tobacco products, personal and household goods, automotive products, building materials, machinery and electronic equipment etc.

0.9% m/m 0.6% m/m -
Aug, 21 13:30
★★
Wholesale Sales
Wholesale Sales
Country:
Date: Aug, 21 13:30
Importance: Medium
Previous: 0.9% m/m
Forecast: 0.6% m/m
Actual: -
Period: Jun

The value of sales made by Canadian wholesalers. Wholesalers sell to industries and retailers in quantities far larger than most consumers are willing to purchase. Given that growth in Wholesale Trade usually precedes increases in retail trade and consumption, changes in Wholesale Sales can be used as an early indicator for the overall direction of the retail sector, consumption and the economy. The headline figure reports the monthly percentage change in Wholesale Sales, seasonally adjusted to account for variations in demand due to seasonal cycles.

These sectors are farm products, food, beverages, and tobacco products, personal and household goods, automotive products, building materials, machinery and electronic equipment etc.

0.9% m/m 0.6% m/m -
Aug, 21 15:30
CB Leading Index
CB Leading Index
Country:
Date: Aug, 21 15:30
Importance: Low
Previous: 110.1; 0.1% m/m
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Jun
Change in the level of a composite index based on 7 economic indicators. This index is designed to predict the direction of the economy, but it tends to have a muted impact because most of the indicators used in the calculation are released previously. Combined reading of 7 economic indicators related to money supply, building approvals, profits, exports, inventories, and interest rate spreads.
110.1; 0.1% m/m - -
Aug, 22 07:00
Trade Balance
Trade Balance
Country:
Date: Aug, 22 07:00
Importance: Low
Previous: 2.81bln
Forecast: 2.88bln
Actual: -
Period: Jul

A country's trade balance reflects the difference between exports and imports of goods and services. The trade balance is one of the biggest components of the Balance of Payment, giving valuable insight into pressures on country's currency.

Surpluses and Deficits
A positive Trade Balance (surplus) indicates that exports are greater than imports. When imports exceed exports, the country experiences a trade deficit. Because foreign goods are usually purchased using foreign currency, trade deficits usually reflect currency leaking out of the country. Such currency outflows may lead to a natural depreciation unless countered by comparable capital inflows (inflows in the form of investments, FDI - where foreigners investing in local equity, bond or real estates markets). At a bare minimum, deficits fundamentally weigh down the value of the currency.

Ramifications of Trade Balance on Markets
There are a number of factors that work to diminish the market impact of Trade Balance upon immediate release. The report is not very timely, coming some time after the reporting period. Developments in many of the figure's components are also typically anticipated well beforehand. Lastly, since the report reflects data for a specific reporting month or quarter, any significant changes in the Trade Balance should plausibly have already been felt during that period - and not during the release of data.

However, because of the overall significance of Trade Balance data in forecasting trends in the Forex Market, the release has historically been one of the most important reports out of the any country.

2.81bln 2.88bln -
Aug, 22 09:30
★★
Public Sector Net Borrowing
Public Sector Net Borrowing
Country:
Date: Aug, 22 09:30
Importance: Medium
Previous: 6.3bln; 6.9В
Forecast: 0.4bln; 1.0В
Actual: -
Period: Jul
In the U.K., the amount of expenditures less the total receipts taken in by the government. Public sector net borrowing is the measure of fiscal surpluses and deficits along with the amount of new debt created. If this number is positive, it means the U.K. is running a fiscal deficit, while a negative number represents a fiscal surplus.
6.3bln; 6.9В 0.4bln; 1.0В -
Aug, 22 10:00
★★
ZEW Current Situation
ZEW Current Situation
Country:
Date: Aug, 22 10:00
Importance: Medium
Previous: 86.4
Forecast: 85.5
Actual: -
Period: Aug

A German Firm, the Center for European Economic Research (ZEW), queries financial experts throughout Europe every month in order to make a medium-term forecast about Germany 's economic situation. They ask experts to evaluate the current situation and to predict the future direction of the economy. For all components of the survey, responses are restricted to positive, negative, or unchanged. This simple structure allows the survey to be quick and efficient in terms of turnaround time, as well as easy to understand and interpret.

Unlike the Economic Sentiment Indicator which looks into the future direction of the economy, the Current Situation Indicator focuses on the results of the survey that relate to the current health of the German economy. Expert opinions on whether the current situation is improved, worsened, or unchanged are summarized as the number of positive responses minus the number of negative responses. A higher headline figure indicates a stronger economy and better business climate.

Technical Note on Headline Number : The results of the survey are always presented as the difference between those experts that optimistic and those are pessimistic. For instance if 25 percent of analysts expect improvement, 35 percent expect decline, and 40 percent expect no change, the headline figure is -10.

86.4 85.5 -
Aug, 22 10:00
★★
ZEW Economic Sentiment
ZEW Economic Sentiment
Country:
Date: Aug, 22 10:00
Importance: Medium
Previous: 17.5
Forecast: 15.3
Actual: -
Period: Aug

A German Firm, the Center for European Economic Research (ZEW), queries financial experts throughout Europe every month in order to make a medium-term forecast about Germany 's economic situation. They ask experts to evaluate the current situation and to predict the future direction of the economy. For all components of the survey, responses are restricted to positive, negative, or unchanged. This simple structure allows the survey to be quick and efficient in terms of turnaround time, as well as easy to understand and interpret.

Experts are asked for a qualitative assessment of the direction of inflation, interest rates, exchange rates and the stock market in the next six months. Thus the indicator provides a medium-term forecast for the German economy.

Technical Note on Headline Number : The results of the survey are always presented as the difference between those experts that optimistic and those are pessimistic. For instance if 25 percent of analysts expect improvement, 35 percent expect decline, and 40 percent expect no change, the headline figure is -10.

17.5 15.3 -
Aug, 22 10:00
★★
ZEW Economic Sentiment
ZEW Economic Sentiment
Country:
Date: Aug, 22 10:00
Importance: Medium
Previous: 35.6
Forecast: 34.2
Actual: -
Period: Aug
Survey of about 275 German institutional investors and analysts which asks respondents to rate the relative 6-month economic outlook for the Eurozone. It's a leading indicator of economic health - investors and analysts are highly informed by virtue of their job, and changes in their sentiment can be an early signal of future economic activity. Above 0.0 indicates optimism, below indicates pessimism. The ZEW survey is historically focused on the German economy, and Germany tends to lead the Eurozone economy, so this overall Eurozone outlook tends to be overshadowed by the German data released at the same time.
35.6 34.2 -
Aug, 22 11:00
CBI Industrial Order Expectations
CBI Industrial Order Expectations
Country:
Date: Aug, 22 11:00
Importance: Low
Previous: 10
Forecast: 10
Actual: -
Period: Aug

This index characterizes the volume of new orders in the industrial sector. The growth of industrial orders is a sign that the economy expands. Increase in orders leads to higher employment in the industry.
Increase in orders will lead to further growth in manufacturing, and hence lead to growth of the national currency and domestic stock market. In the bond market, this leads to an increase in profitability of government securities. The index is certainly important for the market. Sometimes a strong deviation from the forecast values of the index can cause a strong change of the pound sterling rate. Certainly, the indicator is not able to deploy the prevailing trend.

10 10 -
Aug, 22 13:30
★★
Retail Sales
Retail Sales
Country:
Date: Aug, 22 13:30
Importance: Medium
Previous: 0.6% m/m; -0.1% m/m
Forecast: 0.3% m/m; 0.3% m/m
Actual: -
Period: Jun

Gauge for goods sold at retail outlets in the past month. Retail Sales is a leading indicator for the economy. Rising consumer spending fuels economic growth, confirms signals from consumer confidence, and may spark inflationary pressures.

The headline figure is expressed as the percentage change from the same month last year.

0.6% m/m; -0.1% m/m 0.3% m/m; 0.3% m/m -
Aug, 22 14:00
CB Leading Index
CB Leading Index
Country:
Date: Aug, 22 14:00
Importance: Low
Previous: 171.6; 1.6% m/m
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Jul
Change in the level of a composite index based on 6 economic indicators. This index is designed to predict the direction of the economy, but it tends to have a muted impact because most of the indicators used in the calculation are released previously. Source first released in May 2010. Combined reading of 6 economic indicators related to total loans issued, raw material supplies index, new orders, consumer expectations, export orders, and housing.
171.6; 1.6% m/m - -
Aug, 22 14:00
House Price Index
House Price Index
Country:
Date: Aug, 22 14:00
Importance: Low
Previous: 0.4% m/m
Forecast: 0.4% m/m
Actual: -
Period: Jun

A broad measure of the movement of single-family house prices. Apart from serving as an indicator of house price trends, the House Price Index (HPI) provides an analytical tool for estimating changes in the rates of mortgage defaults, prepayments and housing affordability. It is a weighted, repeat-sales index, which means that it measures average price changes in repeat sales or refinancings on the same properties.

0.4% m/m 0.4% m/m -
Aug, 22 15:00
Richmond Fed Manufacturing Index
Richmond Fed Manufacturing Index
Country:
Date: Aug, 22 15:00
Importance: Low
Previous: 14
Forecast: 12
Actual: -
Period: Aug

Assesses regional manufacturing conditions for the Richmond Fed District. Based on mail-in surveys from a representative sample of manufacturing plants, the Richmond Fed Index seeks to track industrial performance. The report puts particular emphasis on inflationary pressures.

Though the Richmond Fed Manufacturing Survey is valued for its quick turnaround, it is still released after the ISM survey. As a result, the figure is often used to affirm or question the ISM report, and has little impact on markets. The Richmond Fed Manufacturing Survey also asks manufacturing executives to stress price expectations. Some markets participants use this data as an early gauge to CPI and PPI reports released a few days later.

The headline figure is a three-month average, calculated by finding the percentage difference between positive and negative responses for the last three months, using a zero boom/bust centerline.

Note: The survey covers such topics as shipments, order volume, backlog volume, capacity utilization, vendor lead time, employees, average workweek, wages, inventory levels, and capital expenditures. The Fifth District includes the District of Columbia , Maryland , both Carolinas, and most of the Virginias.

14 12 -
Aug, 23 01:30
PMI Manufacturing
PMI Manufacturing
Country:
Date: Aug, 23 01:30
Importance: Low
Previous: 52.1
Forecast: 52.3
Actual: -
Period: Aug

A monthly gauge of manufacturing activity and future outlook. The CIPS PMI is comparable to the US ISM survey, similarly based on the opinions of executives in manufacturing companies. Purchasing managers are tasked with gauging future demand, and adjusting orders for materials accordingly. The PMI summarizes the opinions of these executives to give a picture of the future of the manufacturing sector. A higher PMI indicates that materials purchases are increasing and that the economic outlook is positive. Alternately, a lower PMI means orders for materials are down and the future outlook is less favorable. By nature, the figure is very sensitive to the business cycle and tends to match growth or decline in the economy as a whole.

The PMI is presented as an index with a value between 1-100.

52.1 52.3 -
Aug, 23 08:00
★★★
ECB President Mario Draghi Speaks
ECB President Mario Draghi Speaks
Country:
Date: Aug, 23 08:00
Importance: High
Previous: -
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Aug

Mario Draghi is an Italian banker and economist who succeeded Jean-Claude Trichet as President of the European Central Bank on 1 November 2011.

- - -
Aug, 23 08:00
★★
Flash Manufacturing PMI
Flash Manufacturing PMI
Country:
Date: Aug, 23 08:00
Importance: Medium
Previous: 54.9
Forecast: 54.6
Actual: -
Period: Aug

A monthly gauge of manufacturing activity and future outlook. The PMI is based on the opinions of executives in manufacturing companies. Purchasing managers are tasked with gauging future demand and adjusting orders for materials accordingly. The PMI summarizes the opinions of these executives to give a picture of the future of the manufacturing sector. A higher PMI indicates that materials purchases are increasing and that the economic outlook is positive. Alternately, a lower PMI means orders for materials are down and the future outlook is less favorable. By nature, the figure is very sensitive to the business cycle and tends to match growth or decline in the economy as a whole.

The PMI is presented as an index with a value between 1-100.

54.9 54.6 -
Aug, 23 08:00
★★
Flash Services PMI
Flash Services PMI
Country:
Date: Aug, 23 08:00
Importance: Medium
Previous: 56.0
Forecast: 55.8
Actual: -
Period: Aug

Gauge for the overall performance of the country's service sector. The Services PMI interviews executives on the status of sales, employment, and their outlook. Because the performance of the country's service sector is extremely consistent over time, services does not impact final GDP figures as much as the more volatile figure on the manufacturing sector. For this reason Services PMI usually causes little market movement. The survey results are quantified and presented as an index on a 1-100 scale. The headline figure is the percentage change in the index.

56.0 55.8 -
Aug, 23 08:00
★★
Flash Composite PMI
Flash Composite PMI
Country:
Date: Aug, 23 08:00
Importance: Medium
Previous: 55.6
Forecast: 55.5
Actual: -
Period: Aug
An index level of 50 denotes no change since the previous month, while a level above 50 signals an increase or improvement, and below 50 indicates a decrease or deterioration.
55.6 55.5 -
Aug, 23 08:30
★★
Flash Manufacturing PMI
Flash Manufacturing PMI
Country:
Date: Aug, 23 08:30
Importance: Medium
Previous: 58.1
Forecast: 57.8
Actual: -
Period: Aug

Gauge for overall performance of the German manufacturing sector. Through asking executives about sales and employment outlook, the survey strives to provide useful information about the business climate that can lead to developments in employment, output and consumption. The PMI survey is based on the result of interviews with business executives. Manufacturing is an important sector in Germany, which is why changes in Manufacturing PMI serve as a good indicator for the overall economic situation in Germany as well as Eurozone. However, despite the timeliness of the report, Manufacturing PMI is not a big market mover.
The survey results are quantified into index where 0 represents long-term manufacturing business conditions. The headline figure is expressed in percentage change.

58.1 57.8 -
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