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Event Previous Forecast Actual
Dec, 17 23:50
Trade Balance
Trade Balance
Country:
Date: Dec, 17 23:50
Importance: Low
Previous: 322.9В; 285.4bln
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Nov

The difference between the total value of exports and the total value of imports. A positive figure indicates a trade surplus while a negative value represents a trade deficit. Because Japan 's economy is highly export-led, trade data can give critical insight into developments in Japan 's economy and changes into foreign exchange rates.

A surplus reflects capital flowing into Japan in exchange for Japanese exports, and a deficit means that capital is flowing out of Japan as imports are purchased in larger volumes by Japanese consumers. A trade surplus will act as an appreciating weight on the Yen, whereas a trade deficit will place downward pressure on the Yen's value.

Details in the Trade Balance report itself give useful insight into changing trends regarding Japanese trade. Such developments are especially important for the country, which is an export-oriented economy that has historically experienced large trade surpluses. Any affect on this could have dramatic affect on the domestic economy.

The headline figure for trade balance is expressed in millions of Yen and usually accompanied by a year-on-year percentage change figure.

322.9В; 285.4bln - -
Dec, 18 01:15
★★
Mid-Year Economic and Fiscal Outlook
Mid-Year Economic and Fiscal Outlook
Country:
Date: Dec, 18 01:15
Importance: Medium
Previous: -
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: -
The Mid-year Economic and Fiscal Outlook (MYEFO) updates the economic and fiscal outlook from the previous budget. As well as updating the economic and fiscal outlook, the MYEFO updates the budgetary position. In particular, the MYEFO takes account of all decisions made since the release of the budget which affect expenses and revenue and hence revises the budget aggregates. An appendix to MYEFO summarises all policy decisions taken since the budget.
- - -
Dec, 18 10:00
★★
Consumer Price Index
Consumer Price Index
Country:
Date: Dec, 18 10:00
Importance: Medium
Previous: 1.5% y/y
Forecast: 1.5% y/y
Actual: -
Period: Nov

CPI is the key gauge for inflation in the Eurozone. Inflation, simply put, is a decline in the purchasing power of the Euro, where each Euro buys fewer goods and services due to higher consumer prices. The index tracks changes in the price of a basket of goods and services that a typical household might purchase. When the CPI is high, it indicates that significant inflationary pressures exist in Eurozone economies. This puts pressure on the European Central Bank to raise interest rates. When CPI comes out lower than expected, the ECB is expected to lower interest rates, or keep them lower, to encourage economic growth. As a rule, the Bank adjusts rates in order to keep Europe consumer price inflation in the 0 to 2 percent range.

1.5% y/y 1.5% y/y -
Dec, 18 10:00
★★
Consumer Price Index Core
Consumer Price Index Core
Country:
Date: Dec, 18 10:00
Importance: Medium
Previous: 0.9% y/y
Forecast: 0.9% y/y
Actual: -
Period: Nov

CPI is the key gauge for inflation in the Eurozone. Inflation, simply put, is a decline in the purchasing power of the Euro, where each Euro buys fewer goods and services due to higher consumer prices. The index tracks changes in the price of a basket of goods and services that a typical household might purchase. When the CPI is high, it indicates that significant inflationary pressures exist in Eurozone economies. This puts pressure on the European Central Bank to raise interest rates. When CPI comes out lower than expected, the ECB is expected to lower interest rates, or keep them lower, to encourage economic growth. As a rule, the Bank adjusts rates in order to keep Europe consumer price inflation in the 0 to 2 percent range.

0.9% y/y 0.9% y/y -
Dec, 18 11:00
CBI Industrial Order Expectations
CBI Industrial Order Expectations
Country:
Date: Dec, 18 11:00
Importance: Low
Previous: 17
Forecast: 14
Actual: -
Period: Dec

This index characterizes the volume of new orders in the industrial sector. The growth of industrial orders is a sign that the economy expands. Increase in orders leads to higher employment in the industry.
Increase in orders will lead to further growth in manufacturing, and hence lead to growth of the national currency and domestic stock market. In the bond market, this leads to an increase in profitability of government securities. The index is certainly important for the market. Sometimes a strong deviation from the forecast values of the index can cause a strong change of the pound sterling rate. Certainly, the indicator is not able to deploy the prevailing trend.

17 14 -
Dec, 18 11:00
Bundesbank Monthly Report
Bundesbank Monthly Report
Country:
Date: Dec, 18 11:00
Importance: Low
Previous: -
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Dec

Market impact tends to be greater when the report reveals a viewpoint that clashes with the ECB's stance. It contains relevant articles, speeches, statistical tables, and provides detailed analysis of current and future economic conditions from the bank's viewpoint.

- - -
Dec, 18 13:30
★★
Foreign Securities Purchases
Foreign Securities Purchases
Country:
Date: Dec, 18 13:30
Importance: Medium
Previous: 16.81bln
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Oct

Summarizes the flow of stocks, bonds, and money market funds to and from Canada.

16.81bln - -
Dec, 18 15:00
NAHB Housing Market Index
NAHB Housing Market Index
Country:
Date: Dec, 18 15:00
Importance: Low
Previous: 70
Forecast: 70
Actual: -
Period: Dec

A timely gauge of home sales and expectations for future home building. Based on a small sample of homebuilders, the Housing Market Index is a timely indicator of future US home sales. However, as the index is not as comprehensive as formal housing reports like new home sales or MBA mortgage applications, the index acts more like a supplemental indicator for predicting housing trends.

As such, the NAHB Housing Market Index is still able to provide general insight to where the housing market is heading. Given that new home sales reflect 'big ticket' items that require construction and investment, the housing market is often viewed as an indicator of the direction of the economy as a whole. Growth in the housing market will spur subsequent spending, generating demand for goods and services and the employees who provide them.

The report headline is expressed in percentage change from the previous month. The NAHB Housing Market Index divides the Single-Family Sales data into three categories: Present, Next 6 Months and Prospective Buyers Traffic.

70 70 -
Dec, 18 21:00
Westpac Consumer Sentiment
Westpac Consumer Sentiment
Country:
Date: Dec, 18 21:00
Importance: Low
Previous: 112.4
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: 4 quarter

Consumer Sentiment (or Consumer Confidence) measures the level of confidence households have in economic performance. Generally rising consumer confidence acts as a precursor to higher consumer expenditures which drive economic expansion.

112.4 - -
Dec, 19 00:00
★★
ANZ Business Confidence
ANZ Business Confidence
Country:
Date: Dec, 19 00:00
Importance: Medium
Previous: -39.3
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Dec

The results of the ANZ Bank Business survey held among businesses nationwide.

-39.3 - -
Dec, 19 00:30
★★★
Monetary Policy Meeting Minutes
Monetary Policy Meeting Minutes
Country:
Date: Dec, 19 00:30
Importance: High
Previous: -
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Dec
The minutes of the Reserve Bank of Australia meetings are published two weeks after the interest rate decision. The minutes give a full account of the policy discussion, including differences of view. They also record the votes of the individual members of the Committee. Generally speaking, if the RBA is hawkish about the inflationary outlook for the economy, then the markets see a higher possibility of a rate increase, and that is positive for the AUD.
- - -
Dec, 19 06:45
SECO Economic Forecasts
SECO Economic Forecasts
Country:
Date: Dec, 19 06:45
Importance: Low
Previous: -
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: 1 quarter

The State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO) “is the federal government's centre of expertise for all core issues relating to economic policy. Its aim is to ensure sustainable economic growth by putting in place the necessary regulatory and economic policy conditions.” - Source www.seco.admin.ch

SECO Economic Forecasts are released quarterly and include expectations for GDP and its components such as: consumption expenditure (personal and government), construction investment, investment in equipment and software, exports, imports, employment (full time equivalent), rate of unemployment and the Consumer Price Index (CPI).

- - -
Dec, 19 09:00
★★
IFO - Expectations
IFO - Expectations
Country:
Date: Dec, 19 09:00
Importance: Medium
Previous: 111.0
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Dec

One of the country's key business sentiment surveys (Ifo - Information and Forschung Survey). The survey is conducted monthly, querying German firms on the current German business climate as well as their expectations for the next six months. As the largest economy in the Eurozone, Germany is responsible for approximately a quarter of the total Eurozone GDP. Consequently, the German Ifo is a significant economic health indicator for the Eurozone as a whole. Positive readings bode well for the economy, suggesting increased consumer spending and economic growth. Conversely, low Ifo readings may be indicative of economic slowdown.

The index uses 100 as a centerline between positive and negative outlooks; the further the value is from 100 the stronger the sentiment. The survey presents two equally weighted sub-indices: Current Assessment and Business Expectations.

Ifo Expectations
Based on firms' expectations for the next six months, where firms rate the future outlook as better, same, or worse.

111.0 - -
Dec, 19 09:00
★★
IFO - Current Assessment
IFO - Current Assessment
Country:
Date: Dec, 19 09:00
Importance: Medium
Previous: 124.4
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Dec

One of the country's key business sentiment surveys (IFO - Information and Forschung Survey). The survey is conducted monthly, querying German firms on the current German business climate as well as their expectations for the next six months. As the largest economy in the Euro-zone, Germany is responsible for approximately a quarter of the total Euro-Zone GDP.

Consequently, the German IFO is a significant economic health indicator for the Euro-zone as a whole. Positive readings bode well for the economy, suggesting increased consumer spending and economic growth. Conversely, low IFO readings may be indicative of economic slowdown.

The index uses 100 as a centerline between positive and negative outlooks; the further the value is from 100 the stronger the sentiment. The survey presents two equally weighted sub-indices: Current Assessment and Business Expectations.

IFO Current Assessment
Measures current German business conditions, without considering future expectations.

IFO Expectations
Based on firms' expectations for the next six months, where firms rate the future outlook as better, same, or worse.

124.4 - -
Dec, 19 09:00
★★
Ifo Business Climate
Ifo Business Climate
Country:
Date: Dec, 19 09:00
Importance: Medium
Previous: 117.5
Forecast: 117.6
Actual: -
Period: Dec

The Ifo Business Climate Index is a closely followed leading indicator for economic activity in Germany prepared by the Ifo Institute for Economic Research in Munich. It is based on ca. 7,000 monthly survey responses of firms in manufacturing, construction, wholesaling and retailing. The firms are asked to give their assessments of the current business situation and their expectations for the next six months. They can characterise their situation as "good", "satisfactorily" or "poor" and their business expectations for the next six months as "more favourable", "unchanged" or "more unfavourable". The replies are weighted according to the importance of the industry and aggregated. The balance value of the current business situation is the difference of the percentages of the responses "good" and "poor", the balance value of the expectations is the difference of the percentages of the responses "more favourable" and "more unfavourable". The business climate is a mean of the balances of the business situation and the expectations.

117.5 117.6 -
Dec, 19 13:30
★★
Current Account
Current Account
Country:
Date: Dec, 19 13:30
Importance: Medium
Previous: -123.1bln
Forecast: -117.0bln
Actual: -
Period: 3 quarter

The Current Account summarizes the flow of goods, services, income and transfer payments into and out of the country. The report acts as a line-item record of how the domestic economy interacts with rest of the world. The Current Account is one of the three components that make up a country's Balance of Payments (Financial Account, Capital Account and Current Account), the detailed accounting of all international interactions. Where the other side of the Balance of Payments, Capital and Financial Accounts deal mainly with financial assets and investments, the Current Account gives a detailed breakdown of how the country intermingles with rest of the global economy on a non-investment basis - tracking goods and services.

-123.1bln -117.0bln -
Dec, 19 13:30
★★
Housing Starts
Housing Starts
Country:
Date: Dec, 19 13:30
Importance: Medium
Previous: 1290K; 13.7% m/m
Forecast: 1230K; -4.7% m/m
Actual: -
Period: Nov

Gauges the change in the number of new houses built in the United States. Housing Starts are one of the earliest indicators of the housing market, only trailing Building Permits in timeliness.

Because high outlays are needed to start construction projects, an increase in Housing Starts implies an increase in investment and business optimism. Finally, the Housing Starts figure gives insight into consumer activity, since new home purchases typically require a large investment for consumers. Given such connections to consumer and corporate sentiment, real estate generally leads economic developments. A sharp drop in new home construction is a warning signal of economic slowdown. Conversely, a rebound in the Housing Starts paves the way for economic recovery.

Housing Starts data is differentiated by building types (single family houses, 2 to 4 residence units and 5 or more residence units). The single family housing starts is a more reliable economic indicator than multi family housing starts, as single family house building is driven by demand and consumer confidence, whereas multi family house building is more often motivated by speculative real estate investors. The report headline is expressed in volume of houses built. The figures are in the thousands of units.

1290K; 13.7% m/m 1230K; -4.7% m/m -
Dec, 19 13:30
★★★
Building Permits
Building Permits
Country:
Date: Dec, 19 13:30
Importance: High
Previous: 1297K; 5.9% m/m
Forecast: 1265K; -3.9% m/m
Actual: -
Period: Nov

The number of new building projects authorized for construction. The figure is widely used as an indicator for developments in the housing market, since receiving a permit to build is the first step in the construction process. Thus growth in Building Permits reflects growth in the construction sector. Also, due to the high outlays needed for construction projects, an increase in Building Permits suggests corporate and consumer optimism. Additionally, because leading indicators for the housing market respond quickly to changes in the business cycle, the Building Permit figure can act as a leading indicator for the economy as a whole.

The headline is the seasonally adjusted percentage change in Building Permits from the previous month.

1297K; 5.9% m/m 1265K; -3.9% m/m -
Dec, 19 14:00
Case-Shiller 20 City
Case-Shiller 20 City
Country:
Date: Dec, 19 14:00
Importance: Low
Previous: 6.2% y/y
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Oct
The S&P/Case-Shiller Home Price Indices are the leading measures of U.S. residential real estate prices, tracking changes in the value of residential real estate both nationally as well as in 20 metropolitan regions.
6.2% y/y - -
Dec, 19 15:00
★★★
CB Consumer Confidence
CB Consumer Confidence
Country:
Date: Dec, 19 15:00
Importance: High
Previous: 129.5
Forecast: -
Actual: -
Period: Dec
CB Consumer Confidence is based on a monthly survey of about 5,000 U.S. households regarding their opinion of the economy. Traders should pay close attention to its release, which always has a strong impact on market prices. A higher reading than the market forecast is bullish for the dollar.
129.5 - -
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